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China's Cities
Travel Dates: May 5 – May 21
Instructors: Lin, Wolsk
Location: China

Day 1 Thursday, May 5, 2011
Overnight flight to Shanghai

Day 2- Friday, May 6, 2011
Arrive in Shanghai
Welcome to Shanghai, China's largest and most cosmopolitan city. Shanghai (meaning "up from the sea") has been an important port for centuries. China's Communist Party-and later the Cultural Revolution-originated in Shanghai.
Overnight in Shanghai

Day 3 - Saturday, May 7, 2011
Guided sightseeing of Shanghai
Your tour begins in the heart of the city with a visit to the Bund (once considered the "Wall Street of the East"), a beautifully landscaped promenade overlooking the waterfront. You will also view the Jade Buddha Temple; the extraordinary Buddhas you see here (each sculpted from a piece of white jade) were brought from Burma by a Chinese monk in the last century. Continue on to the glorious Yu Garden, a showplace of classical Chinese landscaping dating back to 1537. As you stroll along its winding paths, past goldfish ponds, shrubs and pavilions, note that the Chinese consider gardening a complex art form in which the challenge is to construct an entire world in miniature using minerals, plants, and animals in a limited space. Then spend time admiring the crafts and delicacies in the interesting shops that line colorful Nanjing Road.
Visit the Jin-Mao Building
Visit the Jin Mao Building, an 88-story skyscraper in the Pudong district. The building, whose name means "Golden Prosperity", contains both offices and the Shanghai Grand Hyatt hotel. As of 2005, it was the tallest
building in China and the seventh tallest tower in world.
Overnight in Shanghai

Day 4 - Sunday, May 8, 2011
Guided excursion to Suzhou
Journey to Suzhou, sometimes referred to as the Venice of the East. Here, you will enjoy a guided sightseeing of
the city's famous gardens, including the Lingering Garden, the Humble Administrators' Garden and Tiger Hill. Tiger
Hill is home to some local historic sights, chief among them the remarkable leaning Yunyan Ta (Cloud Rock
Pagoda) at the top of the hill. Now safely shored up by modern engineering (although it still leans), this seven-story
octagonal pagoda dating from A.D. 961 is thought to be sitting on top of the legendary grave of He Lu, king of Wu
during the Spring and Autumn period (770-464 B.C.), and also Suzhou's founder. He Lu was reportedly buried with
his arsenal of 3,000 swords, his tomb guarded by a white tiger, which was said to have appeared 3 days after the
king's death (hence the name of the hill). You will also visit the Humble Administrators' Garden, sometimes
translated tongue-in-cheek as "Garden of the Stupid Officials." This is the largest of Suzhou's gardens, dating from
1513, and it makes complex use of the element of water. Linked by zigzag bridges, the maze of connected pools
and islands seems endless. The creation of multiple vistas and the dividing of spaces into distinct segments are
the garden artist's means of expanding the compressed spaces of the estate.
Overnight in Shanghai

Day 5- Monday, May 9, 2011
Visit the Shanghai Museum
The museum design provides an architectural insight into modern China while the marvelous collection of ancient
artifacts offers a glimpse into China's rich history. Built in the shape of a Ding vessel, the museum has over 10,000
square meters devoted to the preservation of countless treasures.
Free time in Shanghai
Enjoy free time to explore Shanghai on your own. Take some time to walk along the Bund, or perhaps shop for
high fashion along Nanjing Lu. Alternatively, you might wish to explore one of Shanghai's central parks or visit
their Museum of Modern Art.
Overnight in Shanghai

Day 6 - Tuesday, May 10, 2011
Transfer to Nanjing
This morning, you will transfer to Nanjing, capital of China during World War II and sight of the one of the worst
atrocities of the war.
Visit the Nanjing City Wall
After accomplishing the modest feat of founding the Ming Dynasty more than 600 years ago, Emperor Zhu
Yuanzhang commissioned a grandiose project to construct a wall around China's new capital city of Nanjing. Of the
33.5 km original wall, more than 20 km still encircles the ancient city bearing true testament to Chinese
engineering. Today, visitors can explore the wall's impressive 12m-high gates, battlements and bulwarks. One of
the best preserved gates of the wall, Zhonghua Men, also distinguishes itself as the largest castle in China.
Overnight in Nanjing

Day 7 - Wednesday, May 11, 2011
Visit the Confucius Temple and Museum
This morning, visit the Confucius Temple, originally constructed in 1034 during the Song Dynasty as a place to
worship the father of ancient Chinese philosophy, Confucius. This ancient structure was damaged repeatedly
throughout its long history, but a restoration in 1984 has resulted in an expanded complex that is sure to impress.
Visit the Mausoleum of Sun Yet-Sen
Dr. Sun Yet-Sen was a leader of the 1911 Revolution that led to the creation of the Republic of China. Elected as
provisional president, he only served for one month before giving power to Yuan Shi-Kai, who ended up declaring
himself emperor in 1914. Today, you will visit the burial site of this revolutionary.
Visit the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Renowned for its unique design, and magnificent scale, the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is regarded as a milestone
in the historical development of Chinese mausoleums. As an extension of the 'Imperial Tombs of the Ming and
Qing Dynasties, it is listed by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site.
Overnight in NanjingNanjing

Day 8 - Thursday, May 12, 2011
Visit the Nanjing Municipal Museum
Formerly the Relics Management of Nanjing Municipality, the Nanjing Municipal Museum was originally founded in
1949. This historical and art museum boasts a collection of more than 80,000 relics that span the reach of ancient
Chinese history.
Visit the Nanjing Museum
Located within the Zhongshan Gate of the city is the impressive Nanjing Museum, first opened in 1933. This
enormous museum houses collections of some 2,000 first class treasures of national and cultural interest.
Overnight in Nanjing

Day 9 - Friday, May 13, 2011
Excursion to Qixia
This morning, make an excursion to Qixia, where you will visit the legendary Qixia Temple and the Thousand
Buddha Caves.
Free time in Nanjing
Enjoy free time this afternoon to finish your explorations of Nanjing. You may wish visit some of the monuments
and museums addressing the role of this important city during World War II. Alternatively, you might want to
simply relax at a local tea house and write in your journal.
Overnight in Nanjing

Day 10 - Saturday, May 14, 2011
Flight to Xi'an
This morning board a flight to Xi'an, historic capital of China.
Xi'an City Wall
The City Walls form a rectangle around the old city, with a gate way and three towers on each side. During the
Japanese bombings of World War II, air raid shelters were dug into the walls. The walls came to the aid of
residents once more during the Cultural Revolution, when it was used to store grain.
Overnight in Xi'an

Day 11 - Sunday, May 15, 2011
Guided sightseeing of Xi'an
Follow in the footsteps of Marco Polo during your guided sightseeing tour. Xi'an was located at the eastern end of
the Silk Road, the route the famous traveler followed. See the 7th-century Big Wild Goose Pagoda (built upon the
orders of Xuan Zang, the monk who introduced Buddhism to China), the city walls, the 118-foot-high Bell Tower
and the Great Mosque (one of China's oldest Muslim temples).
Visit to the Shaanxi Provincial Historical Museum
See artifacts from the Han and Tang dynasties at the Shaanxi Provincial Museum, which was built on the site of a
former Confucian temple.
Visit to the Museum of the Terra Cotta Warriors
Visit the intriguing Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors which exhibits the amazing collection of figures discovered by
peasants digging for water in 1974. The army's 6,000 painstakingly modeled, life-size warriors and horses, of
which no two are alike, were sculpted to protect the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi, founder of the Qin Dynasty
(221-206 B.C.) and the first ruler to unify China.
IMAX Theater
On the 3D IMAX screen, view a fascinating film depicting the excavation process by which the Terra Cotta Army
was excavated.
Overnight in Xi'an

Day 12 - Monday, May 16, 2011
Free day in Xi'an
Enjoy a free day in China's historic capital. Take some time to barter with merchants for authentic souvenirs or
enjoy a delicious bowl of spicy noodles at an outdoor restaurant.
Overnight in Xi'an

Day 13 T- uesday, May 17, 2011
Arrival in Beijing
Touch down in Beijing. It was in this city that Chairman Mao proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949.
Visit the Museum of Chinese History
To the East of Beijing's Tiananmen Square, The National Museum of China is a hulking building which used to
house The Museum of Chinese History and The Museum of The Revolution. The building, like the Great Hall of The
People on the opposite side of the Square, was one of ten buildings built in Beijing in 1959 in as part of the
celebrations of the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Today, it contains China's largest collection of
historical artifacts.
Overnight in Beijing

Day 14 - Wednesday, May 18, 2011
Guided sightseeing of Beijing
An expert local guide introduces you to the Chinese capital, a treasure chest of imperial monuments. This ancient city first received its modern name when it became the capital for the second time in Chinese history in 1402
("Beijing" means "Northern Capital"). See Tiananmen Square (the Gate of Heavenly Peace), the largest public square in the world. Visit the Forbidden City (Gugong), once accessible only to the Emperor. Get a close-up look at the golden-roofed Imperial Palace, one of the world's greatest architectural achievements. Hundreds of thousands of workers labored on the construction of this palatial complex during the Ming Dynasty. It was later removed during the 18th century (Qing Dynasty). Although situated in the very heart of Beijing, the Forbidden City is surrounded by both a moat and a protective wall. The emperors who once resided here often spent their entire lives within the complex - it was not until 1949 that a "commoner" set foot inside the area. Overnight in Beijing

Day 15 - Thursday, May 19, 2011
Excursion to Badaling section of the Great Wall of China
Travel north to Badaling to view one of the wonders of the world: the Great Wall of China. Its construction began in the 5th century B.C. as a defense against the Mongols: 300,000 people (many of whom are buried in the wall) labored on it over several centuries. The wall extends across mountains and valleys for more than 3,000 milesperhaps only a tenth of its former length!
Visit the Beijing Olympic Sites (Birds Nest & Water Cube)
Visit the Olympic Sites We all watched with amazement the impressive opening ceremony of the Beijing Summer Olympic games in 2008. Today you will have the opportunity to explore some of the sites where it all took place, including the Bird's Nest and the Water Cube.
Overnight in Beijing

Day 16 - Friday, May 20, 2011
Visit to the Summer Palace & Old Summer Palace (Yuanming Yuan)
Formerly a summer palace for feudal Emperors, the Summer Palace is a magnificent example of China's classical garden architecture. The Palace grounds were originally divided into three sections, one for court activities, one for imperial residence and one for sight-seeing. The Long Corridor, the Paiyun (Cloud-Dispelling) Hall, the Temple of Buddhist Virtue, the Marble Boat, the Xiequ (Harmonious -Interest) Garden, the Zhichun (Spring-Heralding) Pavilion,
and the Seventeen-Arch Bridge are the palace's main attractions.The Old Summer Palace which is also known as
the Ruins of the Yuanmingyuan (the Garden of Perfection and Light) is located northwest of Beijing and to the east
of the (present-day) Summer Palace . The Garden was first constructed in the year of 1709 during the reign of the
Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Over the next 150 years of the Qing Dynasty, this Garden was
expanded to be a large-scale Chinese emperors' private pleasure garden, covering a total area of 350 hectares
(over 864 acres).
Free time at Beijing University (pending availability)
This afternoon, enjoy some free time to explore Bei-Da, known as China's premiere university for scholars in the
humanities. Perhaps you'll have the chance to meet with some of China's most prestigious college students and
learn their plans for becoming leaders in the 21st century.
Overnight in Beijing

Day 17 - Saturday, May 21, 2011
Transfer to the airport for your return flight
Your tour director assists with your transfer to the airport, where you'll check in for your return flight home.